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Tuesday, July 14, 2020 | History

2 edition of Plant uptake of cadmium from phosphate fertilizer found in the catalog.

Plant uptake of cadmium from phosphate fertilizer

John Reuss

Plant uptake of cadmium from phosphate fertilizer

by John Reuss

  • 181 Want to read
  • 25 Currently reading

Published by U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory, Ecological Effects Research Division, for sale by the National Technical Information Service in Corvallis, Or, Springfield, Va .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Phosphatic fertilizers -- Oregon,
  • Plants -- Effect of cadmium on

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby John Reuss, H. L. Dooley, and William Griffis
    SeriesEcological research series ; EPA-600/3-76-053
    ContributionsDooley, H. L., jt. auth, Griffis, William, jt. auth, United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Research and Development
    The Physical Object
    Paginationvi, 38 p. :
    Number of Pages38
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL14888822M

    For example, mono-ammonium phosphate fertilizer may have a cadmium content of as low as mg/kg or as high as mg/kg. The phosphate rock used in their manufacture can contain as much as mg/kg cadmium [64] (examples are deposits on Nauru [65] and the Christmas islands [66]). Plant uptake: g to Cd /ha. and /year Stock of Cd in the. rooting zone: g /ha. allowed content of cadmium in phosphate fertilizers would threaten the capacity of EU producers to process phosphate rock in Europe. This Decreasing the cadmium level in fertilizers will only have a very limited effect on the exposure. On.

    The effects of phosphorus in commercial fertilizers on concentrations of total cadmium (Cd) and zinc (Zn), plant-available Cd and Zn and sugarcane uptake of Cd and Zn were studied. A single rate ( kg/ ha) of NPK fertilizer was applied on three levels (, and >20 mg) of Cd contaminated sugarcane cultivated field in Mae Sot. and plant uptake of cadmium. J Environ Qual – Phosphate fertilizers have been examined for their role in heavy metal immobilization in polluted soil Scheckel et al., ), and they.

    Cadmium (Cd), one of the most toxic heavy metals added to soil after phosphate fertilizer treatment, was investigated. The effects of this metal on morphological and physiological changes of Lactuca sativa were studied in addition to its partitioning in different parts of the crop. In parallel, Lactuca sativa was allowed to grow under hydroponic conditions with modifications of the Hoagland.   Because plants uptake cadmium from the soil and “70 to 80% of dietary cadmium intake in humans comes from plant-based food,” the article focuses on methods to “reduce or prevent initial uptake by plants.” highlighting that cadmium often is a contaminant in phosphate fertilizers. Cadmium is also a contaminant in zinc used to.


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Plant uptake of cadmium from phosphate fertilizer by John Reuss Download PDF EPUB FB2

Cadmium uptake from phosphate fertilizers by radish (Raphanus sativus L.), lettuce (Latuca sativa L.), and garden peas (Pisum sativum L.) was investigated in the izer in all treatments was applied at the rate of µ g P/g soil to pots containing 4 kg reagent grade mono‐calcium phosphate was used as a P source on a coarse‐textured acid soil, Cd contents of Cited by: Plant uptake of cadmium from phosphate fertilizer.

Corvallis, Or.: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory, Ecological Effects Research Division ; Springfield, Va.: For sale by the National Technical Information Service, (OCoLC) Material Type.

Cadmium uptake from phosphate fertilizers by radish (Raphanus sativus L.), lettuce (Latuca sativa L.), and garden peas (Pisum sativum L.) was investigated in the greenhouse.

Fertilizer in all treatments was applied at the rate of mu.g P/g soil to pots containing 4 kg soil. Phosphate fertilizers have been important sources for contamination of agricultural soils with cadmium and likewise sludge from sewage treatment plants has added metals (especially cadmium has caused concern) to farmland when used as soil amendment.

The addition of copper to, for example, the feed of pigs may lead to copper concentrations in. We investigated the effects of different P fertilizers on the yields and Cd contents of oat (Avena sativa L.), ryegrass (Lolium multiflorum L.), carrot (Daucus carota L.), and spinach (Spinacia oleracea L.).

These crops were grown in the greenhouse using soils treated with lime to achieve three pHs ranging from to for a sandy soil and to for a loam soil. The crop yields Cited by:   1. Introduction. Cadmium (Cd) is a widely presented heavy metal in the global environment. Cd in soil can easily be absorbed by rice plants and some of them are transported into grains and enter the food chain (Chen et al., a; Song et al., ; He et al., ).Several factors are responsible for the accumulation of Cd in rice grains, which include soil composition, heavy metal.

Cadmium in plants: uptake, toxicity, and its interactions with selenium fertilizers Marwa A. Ismael, abc Ali Mohamed Elyamine, abd Mohamed G.

Moussa, abe Miaomiao Cai, ab Xiaohu Zhao ab and Chengxiao Hu * ab. of cadmium enriched phosphate fertilizer on Cd uptake by Oat (Avena sativa) and its accumulation and availability in soil. Treatments consisted of three NPK fertilizer sources containing 1, 90, mg Cd kg P and applied at the rate of, g Cd ha yr-1, respectively.

cadmium transfers to the fertilizer. In wet process phosphoric acid processing, about 55 to 90 % of the cadmium transfers to the fertilizer.2 Where does the cadmium go. Soil cadmium levels in the US and around the world have steadily increased from applying phosphate rock fertilizers and organic fertilizers from compost, municipal sludge, and.

fertilizer, becomes a problem when plants accumulate the metal in their biomass. More detail about plant contamination can be found in another report in this series, FAQs About Cadmium in Fertilizer: Cadmium Contamination in Plants.

Vegetables and grains are the most common sources of fertilizer-derived cadmium in the diet. Cadmium is acute toxicity inducing heavy metal that significantly decreases the yield of crops.

Due to high water solubility, it reaches the plant tissue and disturbs the uptake of macronutrients. Low uptake of nutrients in the presence of cadmium is a well-documented fact due to its antagonistic relationship with those nutrients, i.e., potassium.

Furthermore, cadmium stressed plant produced a. A field experiment was conducted to determine uptake of Cd and other heavy metals by winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) from three diammoniuni phosphate (DAP) fertilizers containing 2, 74, and µ g Cd/g.A phosphorus‐deficient Paden silt loam (Glossic Fragiudult, pH ) was limed at two rates and treated with the DAP sources at a rate of 50 kg of P/ha ( lb of P 2 O 5 /acre).

EPA/ May PLANT UPTAKE OF CADMIUM FROM PHOSPHATE FERTILIZER by John Reuss, H. Dooley, and William Griffis Ecological Effects Research Division Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory Corvallis, Oregon U.S.

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY OFFICE OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT CORVALLIS ENVIRONMENTAL. A growth chamber study was conducted to evaluate the effect of application of phosphate fertilizer on soil solution dynamics of cadmium (Cd) and Cd accumulation in durum wheat (Triticum turgidum L.

var. durum). Treatments consisted of three phosphate fertilizer sources containing, and mg Cd kg−1 applied at three rates (20, 40 and 80 mg P kg−1) plus a no fertilization control.

Application of phosphate fertilizers often results in the addition of cadmium and other toxic elements to the soil (Wuana & Okieimen, ).

In addition, phosphate fertilizer can restrict crop uptake of zinc thus allowing increased mobility of cadmium (Roberts, ). The use of potassium and nitrogen fertilizers is preferable over phosphorus. Influence of phosphate fertilizer on cadmium in agricultural soils and crops Plant uptake of Cd at levels present in the soil solution is dependent on a system that is largely metabolically.

Phosphate fertilizers contain varying amounts of cadmium as contaminants from phosphate rock. Plant uptake of cadmium from fertilized soils could conceivably result in entry of cadmium into the human food chain.

Cadmium concentration in maize amended with phosphate fertilizers was significantly affected not only by P sources but also by their localization in the soil (Prochnow et al., ). The application of fertilizers could increase the heavy metal bioavailability in soils due to the chemical alterations they provoked in the system (Tu et al., ).

However, our non-organic phosphate fertilizer has % (g/kg) elemental P while our organic phosphate fertilizer has 5% (50g/kg) of elemental P, so to achieve the same levels of P in NPK %w/v we are adding much higher levels of cadmium to an organic liquid fertilizer.

in terms of crop uptake. Cadmium is commonly found in phosphate fertilizers used in agriculture. The WSU study also shows, that for the conditions tested, the amount of cadmium taken up by crops is greatly influenced by the source of the cadmium.

Although crops take up some amount of cadmium from the soil, the WSU study indicates. Lorenz SE, Hamon RE, McGrath SP, Holm PE, Christensen TH. Application of fertilizer cations affect cadmium and zinc concentrations in soil solutions and uptake by plants.

Eur J Soil Sci. ; – McLaughlin MJ, Tiller KG, Naidu R, Stevens DP. Review: the behaviour and environmental impact of contaminants in fertilizers.Plant uptake of cadmium from phosphate fertilizer (OCoLC) Material Type: Document, Government publication, National government publication, Internet resource: Document Type: Internet Resource, Computer File: All Authors / Contributors: J O Reuss; H L Dooley; William Griffis; Corvallis Environmental Research Laboratory.Risk assessment of cadmium exposure to humans and the environment as a result of the use of cadmium-containing fertilizers.

Landbauforschung Völkenrode,2/3(53) (in German) N Lugon-Moulin, L Ryan, P Donini, L Rossi. Cadmium content of phosphate fertilizers used for .